Mario Tama/Getty Images
Imagine that for every million people on Earth, there was a single dot on a map.
In total, that would be about 7,600 dots – representing today’s global population of 7.6 billion.
But, what if we went back in time, and watched those dots accumulate over human history? When and where do the first dots appear, and when does population growth ramp up to get to the billions of people that are alive today?
The history of population growth
Today’s animation comes from theAmerican Museum of Natural History, and it shows over 200,000 years of population growth and the major events along the way.
If you consider yourself on the more impatient side of things, we suggest starting at 1:50 which will zoom you to 400 AD – the time of India’s Golden Age. Alternatively, go to 3:25 to witness the Bubonic Plague’s rare negative impact on population growth, as well as the ensuing age of European exploration.
It took 200,000 years of human history to get to one billion people – and just 200 years to reach seven billion.
That’s partly how the exponential “hockey stick” growth curve works, but it is also a factor of improvements in living standards, sanitation, and medicine that came after the Industrial Revolution.
Key population moments
Here are a few moments that stood out to us in the video, that we think represent particularly interesting moments in human population history:
The impact of farming cannot be emphasized enough. For many thousands of years, the human population dwindled until we learned how to plant crops to provide a scalable and sustainable food supply for a hungry population.
As you can see, after agriculture starts spreading, the human population quickly skyrockets. It is estimated to have reached roughly 170 million by the year 1 AD.
East vs. West
The Greeks and Romans were interesting cultures to us in many ways – but one thing that is sometimes missed with a Western education is the sheer size of Indian and Chinese civilizations.
The above screenshot is from close to the territorial peak of the Roman Empire – notice its size in comparison to the Han Dynasty in China, as well as the area that is modern-day India.
The Black Death, which started in 1347, didn’t do much to increase Europe’s population.
In fact, this was one of the rare times that global human population growth went backwards for multiple decades.
The Industrial Revolution brought innovations to food and medicine, and kickstarted an era that would be usher in the birth of many new technologies.
This screenshot is from close to 1900, when these innovations started to make rapid global population growth a reality.
Chris Snyder - Business Insider
If you look closely at the zipper on your pants right now, odds are that it has 3 letters engraved on the tab: "YKK." Those aren't the initials of the inventor of the zipper — his name was Whitcomb L. Judson, and he patented the first zipper in the late 19th century.
Here's a brief explanation of why "YKK" is there - and a look at one of the largest zipper companies in the world, which you may not have known even existed.
LONDON — Sometimes it pays to be a monarch.
The British Monarchy holds a huge amount of historic property in the UK, which is managed by the Crown Estate.
The Crown Estate announced in June that it returned a record £328.8 million to the Treasury in 2016 as the value of the overall estate rose to an astonishing £13.1 billion.
Under current arrangements, the Queen receives 25% of the Crown Estate's revenues in the form of a Sovereign Grant, which is used to fund her official work and the upkeep of her residences.
Alongside property historically owned by the monarchy, the Queen also personally owns property assets — rather those attached to the office of the monarch — and her holdings include some of the grandest properties in Britain.
Business Insider took a look at the most spectacular royal assets. The list includes some of the country's best-known buildings: Iconic race courses, grand hotels, historic castles, and an offshore energy portfolio worth over £1 billion.
Sylvain Charlebois - Professor in Food Distribution and Policy, Dalhousie University - The Conversation
Fall is always a good time to create new habits, and coffee chains know it.
These days, they are desperately trying to find any excuse to get you to drink their java.
Many chains used National or International Coffee Day, just passed, as a reason to offer their coffee at a discount, or even for free — with some conditions, of course.
For restaurant operators, there’s no better hook than coffee to get repeat business. It’s a great scheme that seems to be working for some. Given what’s looming on the horizon, however, offering free coffee may no longer be an option for businesses.
Coffee demand around the world is shifting. Europe still accounts for almost one third of the coffee consumed worldwide, but China has doubled its consumption in just the last five years.
As for Canada, numbers remain robust as more than 90 per cent of adult Canadians drink coffee. Several recent studies suggest coffee is a healthy choice, possibly one factor in the rise in coffee drinkers.
Either way, demand is strong in most Western countries, which puts more pressure on coffee-producing countries. However, as climate change looms, there’s a real threat to coffee’s global success story.
Coffee grown in more than 60 countries
Coffee is the most traded commodity in the world after oil.
Coffee beans are grown in more than 60 countries and allow 25 million families worldwide to make a living. Brazil is by far the largest producer, followed by Vietnam and Colombia.
Globally, 2017 could be a record year, as the world will likely produce well over 153 million 60-kilogram bags of coffee. Coffee futures are down as a result, but we are far from seeing a bumper crop.
Production has been modestly shifting over the past few years. With good rainfalls in Brazil and favourable weather patterns in other regions of the world, Mother Nature has so far spared coffee growers, but their luck may be running out.
Despite not being a staple in any diet, coffee is big business. At the farm gate, coffee is worth over US$100 billion. In the retail sector, the coffee industry is worth US$10 billion.
But there is growing consensus among experts that climate change will severely affect coffee crops over the next 80 years. By 2100, more than 50 per cent of the land used to grow coffee will no longer be arable.
Ethiopia could be profoundly affected
A combination of effects, resulting from higher temperatures and shifting rainfall patterns, will make the land where coffee is currently grown unsuitable for its production.
According to the National Academy of Science, in Latin America alone, more than 90 per cent of the land used for coffee production could suffer this fate. It’s estimated that Ethiopia, the sixth largest producer in the world, could lose over 60 per cent of its production by 2050. That’s only a generation from now.
As climate conditions become critical, the livelihoods of millions of farmers are at risk and production capacity is jeopardized. Other potential contributors to this predicted downfall are pests and diseases.
With climate change, pest management and disease control are serious issues for farmers who cannot afford to protect their crops. More than 80 per cent of coffee growers are peasant farmers.
Pests and diseases will migrate to regions where temperatures are adequate for survival, and most farmers won’t be ready. Many will simply choose to grow other crops less vulnerable to climate change. Others may attempt to increase their coffee production, but the quality will almost certainly be compromised.
Coffee quality will suffer
Higher temperatures will affect the quality of coffee. Higher-quality coffee is grown in specific regions of the world where the climate allows the beans to ripen at just the right time. Arabica coffee, for example, which represents 75 per cent of world coffee production, is always just a few degrees away from becoming a sub-par product.
This will undoubtedly affect coffee prices and quality for us all. Thanks to the so-called Starbucks Effect, the quality of the coffee we now enjoy is far superior to that of just a decade ago. Good beans may become more difficult to procure in the future.
Right now, coffee futures are valued at US$1.28 per pound and are being exposed to downward pressures. At this rate, the record price of US$3.39 per pound, set in 1977, could return in just a few years.
The coffee wars we are seeing are not just about gaining market shares and getting consumers hooked on java. They are also about how we connect with a crop that is under siege by climate change.
Short of fighting climate change, we could be forced to alter our relationship with coffee. As current coffee-producing countries attempt to develop eco-friendly methods and embrace sustainable practices, Canada could be the next country where coffee is actually grown, not just roasted.
Within the next decade, with climate change and new technologies, perhaps producing coffee beans will be feasible in Canada. After all, if Elon Musk thinks we can start colonizing Mars by 2022, why can’t we grow coffee in Canada?
So if a coffee chain is offering free coffee, take it. It won’t be long before coffee could become a luxury.
Original TED compilation here
Your DNA makes you, but how does it work?
These talks on TED explore what we know about the genome, the unique genetic sequence that makes up life as we know it.
Date When Celebrated
Occurs one to three times a year, when the 13th of the month falls on a Friday
Are you superstitious?
Then, Friday the 13th is a day you may look forward to with fear! Friday the 13th, is an unlucky day, a day when bad things can happen. Whatever you do, don't walk under a ladder, and don't let a black cat cross your path on this day.
Throughout most of recorded history, the number 13 has been seen as an unlucky number. If you live in fear of the number 13, you suffer from Triskaidekaphobia. More phobias of interest.
Historically, and perhaps a bit oddly in today's world, Friday has been viewed as an unlucky day of the week. We find this hard to fathom. After all, Friday is TGIF!! However, in days gone by, when you put the unlucky day of Friday, together with the unlucky #13, many people believe only bad things can happen.
Interestingly, there is a sizable number of optimists, who embrace Friday the 13th and the number 13. They shrug off the superstition and go buy lottery tickets with the number 13 in it.
For many who never gave it a thought, Jason in the movie "Friday, the 13th" (1980) made believers in the fearfulness of this day.
Friday the 13th Trivia:
Like any other special or wacky day, we encourage you to fully embrace the day and have fun with it. But, don't cower in your room in fear of this day. You'd miss all of the fun and excitement!
Origin of Friday the 13th:
In biblical references, it is believed that Cain killed Abel on Friday the 13th. We are not sure how this was determined, as calendars were unlikely to have been in existence back then.
We do know with certainty, the ancient Babylonian Code of Hammurah omitted the #13 in it's list of laws. Written in 1,700 B.C., it suggests ancient Babylonians considered the #13 to be unlucky.
Thanks to Jess Miller
Away from the Copacabana beaches and scorching sun, way up in the cold north lies a brilliant gem called Norway. Its basic appeal is simple: it is one of the most beautiful countries in the world.
Norway has been called The Land of the Midnight Sun, The Land of Fjords and the Land of Northern Lights. However, those are but the few things it is most known for: there are so much more.
Norway is a paradise for hikers and nature lovers. With some of the most stunning nature sites in the world, you surely won’t be disappointed. It also has a rich cultural history and a lively contemporary art scene, primarily in Oslo.
However, when visiting a country as large it can be hard to decide where you should go. That is why we have prepared a list of the 100 best things to do in Norway.
Let’s dive in.
1. Geiranger Fjord (Geiranger)
In the land of fjords, there is one that stands head and shoulders above the rest. Geiranger Fjord is part of UNESCO world heritage for many reasons: stunning scenery, amazing views and a sense of calm that one just can’t get in city life.
2. Mount Floyen And The Funicular (Bergen)Norway is home to amazing views. Mount Floyen is no exception – whether you enjoy hiking or just the view. You can get to the top by foot or cable car. In either case, remember: don’t feed the trolls.
3. Vigeland Museum And The Angry Baby (Oslo)
Art and sculpture lovers (and others), listen up! Vigeland Museum is the world’s largest sculpture park: and all of it was made by just one person – Gustav Vigeland. A must see for his unique style and the Angry Baby.
4. Pulpit Rock Hike From Stavanger (Forsand Municipality)
Pulpit Rock is a highlight of anyone’s trip to Norway. The hike takes 2-4 hours, depending on how many stops you take for photos (and there will be many if this is your first time). This is a proper hike – wear some boots.
5. The Norwegian National Opera & Ballet (Oslo)
How many opera houses exist where you can just walk to the top? he Norwegian National Opera & Ballet is one of them and an absolute marvel of modern architecture. It is worth seeing for that alone, but going inside and seeing a performance is also highly recommended.
AUTHOR: LAURA MALLONEE Wired.com
The wealthy never run out of ways to amuse themselves in Dubai, where you can party aboard a house floating in a man-made sea, stroll through an indoor rainforest, or kick back in an ice lounge where the temperature never climbs above freezing. In a city where everyone is rich, shopping malls resemble the Silk Road and the theme parks make Disneyland look small.
Nick Hannes takes you on a whirlwind tour of the emirate's carefully engineered attractions in his ongoing series Dubai: Bread and Circuses. “Dubai positions itself as a leading tourist and luxury lifestyle destination,” he says. “By this enormous supply of leisure activities, the emirate expresses the idea that everything is possible in Dubai, that the sky is the limit.”
Despite occasionally blinding sandstorms and triple-digit temperatures, Dubai is bent on becoming the Orlando of the Middle East. Some 15 million people visited the emirate last year, a number expected to reach 20 million by 2020. Developers are building attractions at breakneck speed to lure ever more people. "The hunger for new projects is unstoppable in Dubai,” Hannes says. “If they have 20 theme parks it doesn’t mean they will stop building theme parks. As long as they have space they will keep on constructing.”
Hannes enjoys photographing tourism in places like Turkey and Spain, and always found Dubai fascinating. He made his first visit in 2015 and has returned three times since then to wander the emirate's theme parks and malls (where visitors can shoot zombies, ski indoors, and dive with sharks) and visit its most opulent nightclubs. "It’s a conservative Islamic society on one hand, but 90 percent of the people are expats, a lot of westerners, and of course they have a more liberal lifestyle that is often completely the opposite of the locals," Hannes says.
Everything looks like it came from somewhere else. Ibn Battuta Mall, designed to resemble a trek along the Silk Road during the middle ages, features ornate Tunisian, Persian and Chinese ‘courts.' The Green Planet brings an artificial rain forest to the desert. “They import a lot of foreign architectural styles, some from the ancient past, and make up new things with it,” Hannes says. “It’s copy-paste architecture—beautiful, but completely fake."
Hannes' images might depict gilded relaxation and luxury, but he never got the chance to relax. He was too busy working. Dubai isn't exactly his idea of a vacation anyway. “I go to cities to photograph and to learn about society, but these are not the places where I enjoy myself,” he says.
In need of a new paradise to visit this summer? A location where you can soak up the sun and sand while discovering unique and exciting cultural experiences?
Look no further than Cabo San Lucas on Mexico’s stunning Pacific coast! Cabo is a great place to visit and Dreams® Los Cabos Suites Golf Resort & Spa is the perfect destination to experience the magic of this special spot!
Read on to learn about our Cabo bucket list and events talking place at Dreams Los Cabos!
Put Cabo on the top of your bucket list with a trip to Dreams Los Cabos Suites Golf Resort & Spa!!
The sparkling sapphire sea, majestic mountains and cactus-dotted desert landscapes make Cabo one of the most beautiful destinations in Mexico. Luxury resorts, top-notch Mexican cuisine, world-class golf, nightlife and nature line the stunning Pacific coastline. If you are thinking about visiting, we have the ultimate list of can’t miss activities and sights!
Mexico is also rich in culture and celebrations! With plenty of exciting holidays coming up, there’s always a reason to plan your next vacation:
Set along the sparkling Sea of Cortez, surrounded by eight championship golf courses, Dreams Los Cabos Suites Golf Resort & Spa is a AAA Four Diamond Resort that captures the beauty and elegance of traditional, colonial Mexican design. We are raising the bar on all-inclusive experience with Unlimited-Luxury®, where nearly everything is included. The resort features 230 completely renovated suites, featuring rain showers and private balconies with breathtaking views. Enjoy the fitness centre, Dreams Spa by Pevonia® and an Explorer’s Club for Kids. The resort features three swimming pools, including a new infinity pool, children’s pool, and an adults-only pool with two swim up bars.
Book your trip to our resort taking advantage of our great discounts ! at www.vacationista.co.uk
Today, it’s all about the Dominican Republic! Never been? Well we are going to show you why your next vacation getaway should be to the Dominican Republic and Secrets Resorts & Spas! from Vacationista where you get the lowest prices and the best deals.
Read on to check out our bucket list and learn why you should visit this beautiful part of the world!
Want to learn more about the Dominican Republic? We have you covered! Here are our top reasons to visit the Dominican Republic:
Dominican Republic Bucket List
You won’t want to leave the beach while on your stay in the Dominican Republic!
No filter needed on your vacation to the Dominican Republic!
Enjoy the pool view at Secrets Resorts & Spas in the Dominican Republic!
Dive deep into a romantic retreat at Secrets Resorts & Spas, where we are raising the bar on all inclusive. We’ve redefined the all-inclusive experience with Unlimited-Luxury® so that world class amenities and unsurpassed personal service are yours as often as you desire. Embark on your secluded getaway in some of the most coveted locations in the world, and discover the unique sophistication found only at a Secrets Resorts & Spas.